The present simple at CEFR Level A1. In English grammar, the present simple is used to talk about habits and routines. Here is an example of the present simple in a sentence:
I work on weekdays.
The present simple can also be used to talk about something you don’t do.
I don’t eat meat.
The present simple verb can change if you talk about other people.
|Positive +||Negative –|
The present simple also changes if you ask questions about other people.
For he, she or it, the present simple changes:
|I miss||He misses||verb ends in ‘s’||add +es|
|I fly||He flies||verbs ends in consonant + ‘y’||add +ies|
|I wash||He washes||verb ends in ‘sh’||add +es|
|I fix||He fixes||verb ends in ‘x’||add +es|
|I buzz||It buzzes||verb ends in ‘z’||add +es|
Another change that happens with the present simple is with have.
|I have a new car.||I don’t have a new car.||Do I have a new car?|
|You have a new car.||You don’t have a new car.||Do you have a new car?|
|We have a new car.||We don’t have a new car.||Do we have a new car?|
|He has a new car.||He doesn’t have a new car.||Does he have a new car?|
|She has a new car.||She doesn’t have a new car.||Does she have a new car?|
|It has new tyres.||It doesn’t have new tyres.||Does it have new tyres?|
|They have a new car.||They don’t have new car.||Do they have a new car?|
Now test your skills with a practice exercise. Click the link in the table below.